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9. What is the Moscow of New York?

Douglas Hofstadter in his book "Creative Analogies and Fluid Concepts" presents the "new" set of problems that appear to require "human" reasoning.

IBM's Deep Blue may soon reign supreme in the realm of chess, but there are still things that we have a hard time formulating in such a fashion as to even imagine how a computer would answer the question.

Analogies are a wonderful example, and the question: "What is the Moscow of New York?" displays the problem quite nicely.

If we wish to come up with the "thing" in New York that is most "analogous" to Moscow, there are several plausible answers, each of which answers it in a different way:

But wait! Were we talking about "New York, the State," or "New York, the City?" The original statement was not clear. We must enter into the "sweepstakes:"

Overall, I would judge New York City to be the "most analogous" city to Moscow in New York. There isn't a methodology at this point out there to model this in such a way as to generalize it so as to embed it in an "Artificial Intelligence" system. That's a hard problem, and Hofstadter's book discusses this in more detail. (Although he spends more time trying to figure out the "Chicago of Russia.")

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